Implementation and fulfilment of company supply chain commitments is almost always affected by – and should be informed by – the geographic, political, social, economic, and institutional contexts where commodities are produced, traded, and financed. Company commitments, actions, and monitoring processes related to ethical supply chains often intersect with dynamics beyond the company’s control, such as those driven or impacted by policies, programs, and actions undertaken by other companies, government entities, communities, and other actors. While companies may be able to effectively address certain aspects of their commitments on their own (through actions taken at the level of production units or through supply chain management), other issues may require or benefit from consideration of the broader context and the other actors and actions that shape it. For this reason, companies often need to collaborate with other stakeholders to effectively implement and achieve commitments to protect forests and other natural ecosystems and respect human rights.

Core Principle 10 and other sections of the Accountability Framework outline ways in which companies may work with other stakeholders to achieve their supply chain commitments, including through broader adoption of responsible production and trade practices and by creating enabling conditions that support positive outcomes at scale. These efforts may be conducted pre-competitively in ways that do not violate anti-collusion laws or practices.

Section 2 of this guidance provides guidance on the different ways that companies may collaborate to address issues beyond their full control, through both place-based and sectoral initiatives. Section 3 provides additional guidance specifically on the use of landscape- or jurisdiction-level initiatives, programs, and monitoring systems to help demonstrate fulfilment of supply chain commitments.

Box 1: Landscape, jurisdictional, and sectoral initiatives

Landscape approaches involve collaboration of stakeholders in a landscape to reconcile and optimize multiple social, economic, and environmental objectives across multiple economic sectors and land uses. Landscape approaches are implemented through processes of integrated landscape management that convene diverse stakeholders to develop and implement land-use plans, policies, projects, investments, and other interventions to advance landscape sustainability goals.

Jurisdictional approaches are a type of landscape approach that are developed within the administrative boundaries of sub-national or national governments, usually with emphasis on the roles of government in public policy, land-use planning, law enforcement, investment, or other functions.

Sectoral initiatives bring together multiple actors associated with a particular commodity sector to establish common goals or objectives, develop plans, and take action to overcome challenges particular to the given sector. Sectoral initiatives may be limited to specific groups of stakeholders (e.g., only producers or only private companies at multiple supply chain stages) or they may involve multi-stakeholder engagement including civil society and government representatives.


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