As stated in Core Principle 9.1, companies are expected to provide for or cooperate in providing fair and just remedy in the case of adverse impacts to human rights or the environment. In the case of deforestation, conversion, and loss of associated conservation values stemming from commodity production, fair and just remedy requires taking effective action to restore the given ecosystems and values to their prior condition and/or providing suitable compensation for the lost ecosystems and values (see Definitions).

Companies are expected to conduct or support restoration or compensation where they caused, contributed to, or assumed responsibility for deforestation or conversion that occurred in violation of the company’s supply chain commitment.[1]  This includes circumstances where:

  1. the company owns or manages land on which there has been deforestation or conversion in violation of the company’s commitment;
  2. the company has assumed responsibility to restore or compensate for such deforestation or conversion from a previous owner or manager in accordance with Core Principle 9.4; or
  3. the company contributed to deforestation or conversion in violation of its commitments, for instance by financing, supporting, mandating, facilitating, or encouraging deforestation or conversion (see Section 4.2.1 of the Operational Guidance on Supply Chain Management).

Companies are also expected to conduct or support restoration or other forms of compensation where required by applicable law. As with all aspects of the Accountability Framework, voluntary commitments are in addition to legal requirements, and the more stringent requirements and practices related to restoration and compensation should be followed.

Downstream companies are also encouraged to actively support or participate in restoration and/or conservation efforts to remedy deforestation or conversion that their direct or indirect suppliers caused or contributed to, even when the downstream company itself did not directly cause or contribute to the environmental harm.

Parameters for effective restoration or conservation are outlined in the following section and describe how the requirements of Core Principle 9.1 should be implemented.


[1] Deforestation or conversion are generally in violation of a company commitment if they took place after the applicable cutoff date specified in the commitment (see Operational Guidance on Cutoff Dates for information on appropriate cutoff dates). If a cutoff date is not specified in the commitment, then as a default it should be presumed that deforestation or conversion that took place after the date of the commitment is in violation of the commitment.


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